Live Plants for your Freshwater Aquarium

Plants are as natural an addition to an aquarium as the fish themselves, presenting that unerring balance that a regular underwater ecosystem should have. freshwater-aquarium-plantsFreshwater aquarium plants have their different characteristics and applications, and it is important for you to know these when adding these plants in your aquarium.


Bulbs are commonly quite large in size compared to other plants. In fact, most types of bulbs are far too big for a regular-sized aquarium!

Common examples of these plants are the water lily and the aponogeton. These plants are actually much better suited for the wild outdoors than the domestic fish tank, especially when they thrive on specific environments such as koi fish ponds.

Floating Plants

Floating plants are a good choice for your aquarium, as they can be a good place for young fry (baby fish) to survive during their most vulnerable age. A good example of a floating plant that you can use is the Fairy Moss an driccia.


Rhizomes are characterized by their thick, horizontal stems, with the leaves sprouting on the top. This type of plant is frequently used as “runners” over substrates, growing new leaves and roots as it spreads along the way.

Common examples of rhizomes are the anubias and the African Fern. They’re quite easy to plant, because all you need to do is to tie them to the driftwood in your aquarium.


Rosettes are plants that look like crowns with roots growing underneath. These plants cover the water by propagating themselves through, multiplying as they “run” over.

Rosettes can also bloom beautiful flowers, and common examples of this plant are the Amazon Sword and the Sagittaria.


Stems, though may sound like the part of a plant also named “stem”, are actually also one of the many kinds of freshwater aquarium plants.

It is commonly characterized by a single stem firmly rooted in the substrate, with the leaves located at the stem’s nodes, which explains the name of the plant’s origin.

Leaves of this plant come in single, paired and even multiple varieties.

Java Moss

Java Moss or the Java Fern may be classified as one of the most common aquatic plants.

This particular plant is very nice for those who are just starting as aquarium hobbyists, mainly because it is a sturdy plant that can survive at varied pH levels of water.

Water Wisteria

Water Wisteria is a plant that is much like the Java Fern due to that fact that it can grow quickly, just like how a Java Fern does.

Aside from its growth capabilities, it also keeps the algae levels in your aquarium low. Just a warning, though: this plant can also potentially use up the nutrients that are present in the water.

For the experienced hobbyist though, you may want to consider some relatively challenging plants for you to take care of. Cryptocoryne beckettii is an amphibious plant, which means it can grow well on either above land or under water. It is a marvelous plant, because it can give off an array of brilliant colors if you can raise the plant well.

As stated earlier, plants are a common addition to an aquarium. It helps give your tank that appealing, natural look, and does not only benefit you with the “nature’s wonder” look, but also benefits the fish as well. Raising these freshwater aquarium plants can be a very enjoying experience for the aquarium enthusiast.

Keeping Your Aquarium Clean

Freshwater aquarium maintenance is a real hassle when you consider the numerous factors that are needed to be addressed when assessing the cleanliness of your aquariums.

Nevertheless, it is very important to know how to do this because your fish’s hygienic life is at stake!

Keeping your tank pristine as a regular routine can help your freshwater fish stay bright and jumpy, as well as free from most kinds of unclean materials that may harm them in the long run.

Dirty Water

Aquarium Maintenance- clean dirty waterDirty water is one of the primary things that you have to inspect and assess, as it can be obviously seen, even at a glance, by just looking at the water’s general color.

Modern freshwater aquarium hobbyists usually make use of a power filter; it’s kind of a machine that regulates the particles in the water, filters it and stores the dirt inside the machine.

However, you have to clean the power filter itself, as it is only limited to storing dirt up to a significant degree, and if it goes over range, it wont be able to clean the excess dirt off the water anymore.

Replace the fish tank filter every three to four weeks. That’s right: you don’t need to actually clean the filter, you can just buy a new one and install it to the power filter for it to resume its self-cleaning work.

Fishy smell

If you want to get rid of the strong scents that emanate along with the dirty water, you might want to change the filters more often.

These strong scents can potentially alter the entire underwater environment and kill your fish, so beware.

AlgaeFreshwater aquarium maintenance - plecos help clean aquarium algae

Algae is one heck of a dirt factor that can totally ruin any tank, regardless of size and functionality, not to mention that you eyes just can’t take their gaze off that thing cluttering all over and desecrating the entire tank.

You can hire a Plecostomus to do the aquarium maintenance job of cleaning the algae for you. This one superb cleaner fish literally eats the algae off of its face, and thus keeps your aquarium virtually free of any algae whatsoever.

If you can’t buy one, however, you’ll have to clean it by yourself! There are various tools for you to use, but remember to take action as early as possible; you don’t really want this monster growing into a size that even you won’t be able to handle.

As a side note, don’t put more food than the fish can eat, as this will only clutter up and cause a huge mess in the aquarium. Remember, even the food that you give your fish sometimes becomes the dirt in your aquariums!

Change The Water At Least Every Two Weeks!

syphon is a must in the freshwater aquarium maintenanceIt can also be done once a week, and it is not as painstaking as it sounds: only about 20% of the water has to be removed. The most common and simple tool used to comply with this aspect of freshwater aquarium maintenance is a siphon.

It is advisable to clean your aquariums tank once a month. Changing the water and scrubbing the entire aquarium off of accumulated dirt may be the most tiring task in freshwater aquarium maintenance.

The basic step that you have to do is to drain out the water from the aquarium (of course, you have to put the fish in a temporary container before doing this).

Then using a sponge, start gently scrubbing on the insides of the aquarium and get any dirt stuck off. Afterwards, take out the decorations and dip them in hot water mixed with salt for a few minutes, and then scrub them sparkling clean with a sponge.

NEVER use soap.

The residue left using soap on these articles can literally kill your fish quickly. Alternatively, you can use a gravel vacuum to take off that extra “hard-to-remove-by-sponge” dirt, but you must always read and follow the instructions on the gravel vacuum manual properly and carefully.

Refilling Your Tank

Replace the water with water on the same temperature as the one that was previously in the tank.

It is important to note, though, that regular untreated tap water can’t always be a substitute to the original water content of fish’s natural environment.

Always remember to boil (pasteurize) the water first and then cool it down to the specified temperature. If you’re still uncertain about using tap water for your fish, you can even opt for distilled water! In fact, distilled water can even be potentially a lot better than tap water! Watch out for a sudden burst in your aquarium expenses though.

Aquarium Freshwater Fish: Choosing Fish for Your Aquarium

Ever dream of having an aquarium to be set up at home?

Already making a list of freshwater fish tanks and all the other accessories needed to get you started?

Well, let’s stop first for a minute and think  it might be better for you to know exactly what you’ll need and why.

To start off, you must first know exactly what kind of freshwater fish you are planning to raise.

Now, this may take some time, depending on your preference, because of the numerous kinds of fish out there, but its always helpful to note and take a little research about these fish before you even buy anything. Learn about their natural habitat, their necessities and environmental conditions for survival, among other things.

You don’t really want to purchase a freshwater fish that’ll soon end up dead just because you don’t know how to raise that certain fish, do you?

Don’t Worry, It’s Not so Complicated

Check out your local fish supply store and ask the staff members there; they should be able to tell you in good detail what you’ll need for a start.

  • Do these fish go well with plenty of plants inside the aquarium?
  • Do these fish prefer alkaline or acidic water?
  •  Do these fish get along with other kinds of fish well?
  • How about their feeding routine, and the way they eat their food?
  • How about the property of the water? Are the fish freshwater aquarium fish or of something else?
  • Also, how about the mean temperature of the aquarium itself, and its compatibility for a certain fish?

These are some of the things that you can ask them for you to learn more about your potential companions.

We All Love Food

foodFeeding the fish is probably the most frequent of all the maintenance that you have to do when taking care of your pets, and when taking care of multiple fish, knowing the eating habits of each and every one of these fish is very important. Fish commonly eat in two different ways, by eating from the surface of the water, and eating at the bottom.

If you are occasionally feeding your fish by sprinkling food at the water, beware, because not all of the pellets that you feed them go down to the bottom! This is because there are aggressive surface eaters that try and hoard all of the food for themselves, leaving your bottom eaters to starve. Address this problem by knowing which ones are the surface eaters and bottom eaters, then try to group them

Aggression Issues

You must also check for other issues involved mixed fish species, such as open aggression. There are fish that typically like to “bully” their smaller roommates, often biting at their tail, leaving the smaller fish totally defenseless. And beware of the fact that other fish often find themselves unable to resist the urge to take their roommates for their next meal! Again, you have to consider grouping them by proper categories to prevent these unwanted situations.

So, whatever kind of fish you are planning to raise, regardless of whether it’s a regular aquarium freshwater fish or of another kind, it’s important to consider what kind of fish they are exactly, and how they will interact with other fish that you also plan to raise inside the aquarium.